Native Interpreters in the Russian America
Type of publication: Research Article
russian america, native population of alaska, creoles, russian colonization of new world, native interpreters
The article analyzes the formation of a special professional group from the representatives of native people (including the Creoles-Métisos) in the Russian colonies in America: the native interpreters. They shared with the Russians all difﬁculties of the colonization, worked as mediators between the newcomers and natives, settled conﬂicts, and warned the Russians about various dangers. Sometimes the native interpreters perished in shipwrecks, and sometimes in hostile attacks of their kinsmen. Some of the native interpreters had participated in the creating of the writing culture among the natives of Alaska.
Grinev, A.V. 2012. Native Interpreters in the Russian America. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 6: 154-167
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