Home    Number 6, 2023

The “Proconsul of African Nationalism”: Nyerere and Tanzania

[“Prokonsul afrikanskogo natsionalizma”: N’erere i Tanzaniia]

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31857/S0869541523060118


Type of publication: Research Article

Submitted: 13.03.2023

Accepted: 03.05.2023

About author(s)

Khristina Turinskaya | http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5536-6278 | krikri75@yandex.ru | Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences (32a Leninsky prospekt, Moscow, 119991, Russia) | Institute for African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences (30/1 Spiridonovka Str., Moscow, 123001, Russia)


Nyerere, Tanzania, Tanganyika, Zanzibar, union, nationalism, pan-Africanism, ujamaa


In 2022, the 100th anniversary of Julius Nyerere (1922–1999), the leader of Tanganyika, the founder and first president of Tanzania, an outstanding African politician and statesman, was celebrated. His political legacy in Tanzania, as well as the socio-political dynamics in Tanganyika and Zanzibar are the milestones in the recent history of the East African region, in the history of ideology, national question, national movements on the continent. His name is associated with both African nationalism and pan-Africanism. The achievements of Nyerere as a nationalist – “gathering”, creating, structuring, stabilizing and preserving a multi-tribal Tanzania as an integral state unit – are at the same time the success of Nyerere as a pan-Africanist, since the Tanganyika-Zanzibar union is a relatively successful experience in the political unification of two previously separate sovereign territories.


Turinskaya, K.M. 2023. “Prokonsul afrikanskogo natsionalizma”: N’erere i Tanzaniia [The “Proconsul of African Nationalism”: Nyerere and Tanzania]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 6: 178–191. https://doi.org/10.31857/S0869541523060118 EDN: MNKRMX

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