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Rudolf Virchow and Epidemiological Well-Being as an Anthropoecological Concept

[Rudol’f Virkhov i epidemiologicheskoe blagopoluchie kak antropoekologicheskoe poniatie]

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31857/S0869541523010104


Type of publication: Research Article

Submitted: 21.06.2022

Accepted: 07.09.2022

About author(s)

Sergey Shevchenko | https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7935-3444 | simurg87@list.ru | Russian Society for History and Philosophy of Science (12/1 Goncharnaia St., Moscow, 109240, Russia)


anthropoecology, epidemic, sanitary and epidemiological well-being, public good, Rudolf Virchow


This article discusses the anthropoecological understanding of epidemiological well-being and takes steps to the genealogy of such understanding. The works of the German physician Rudolf Virchow on cultural, administrative, biological and geographical factors of a typhoid pandemic are considered as anthropoecological texts. Such an interpretation of his work makes it possible to emphasize two significant aspects of the anthropoecological understanding of epidemiological wellbeing. First, it underlines its difference from the understanding of well-being as the absence of risks, total separation of the human population from infectious agents. Secondly, the mission of a scientist and physician in realization of epidemiological well-being involves participation not only in sanitary measures, but, above all, lies in indicating ways to achieve the environmental sustainability of a certain cultural community.

Funding Information

This research was supported by the following institutions and grants: Russian Science Foundation, https://doi.org/10.13039/501100006769 [grant no. 19-18-00494]


Shevchenko, S.Yu. 2023. Rudol’f Virkhov i epidemiologicheskoe blagopoluchie kak antropoekologicheskoe poniatie [Rudolf Virchow and Epidemiological WellBeing as an Anthropoecological Concept]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 1: 158–174. https://doi.org/10.31857/S0869541523010104 EDN: PNFYUA

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