[Formirovanie “kitaiskogo” segmenta v uigurskoi obshchine Kazakhstana v kontekste adaptatsii pereselentsev iz Kitaia v SSSR v 1950–1960-e gody]
Type of publication: Research Article
USSR, China, Kazakhstan, migration, Uighurs, adaptation, Chinese segment
The article examines specific features of adaptation of migrants, focusing on the case of the Uyghurs of Kazakhstan who moved from China to the USSR in the 1950–1960s. Migration from China to the USSR of that period was a top-down process; it was carried out according to an agreement between the governments of the two countries and in line with a general plan within the framework of repatriation campaign pursued by the Soviet government. It also was directly linked to the virginand-fallow-lands development campaign in Kazakhstan and was supposed to alleviate labor shortages. Adaptation of migrants to the Soviet environment was shaped in different ways and was specific for each ethnic group. For the Uyghurs, one of the important consequences of the adaptation was a formation of the “Chinese” segment in the Uyghur community of Kazakhstan.
This research was supported by the following institutions and grants: Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan [number AR08856731] (project “Oral History of Migration of the 1950–1970s from China to Kazakhstan)
Karimova, R.-B.U. 2023. Formirovanie “kitaiskogo” segmenta v uigurskoi obshchine Kazakhstana v kontekste adaptatsii pereselentsev iz Kitaia v SSSR v 1950–1960-e gody [Formation of the “Chinese” Segment in the Uyghur Community of Kazakhstan in the Context of the Adaptation of Immigrants from China to the USSR in the 1950–1960s]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 1: 123–140. https://doi.org/10.31857 /S0869541523010086 EDN: PMWDHY
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