Home    Number 2, 2022

Etymology of Several Ethnonyms in the Amur River Basin and Sakhalin

[Etimologiia nekotorykh nazvanii narodov basseina Amura i Sakhalina]

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31857/S0869541522020026


Type of publication: Research Article

Submitted: 18.02.2022

Accepted: 24.02.2022

About author(s)

Aleksandr Pevnov | https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7421-7777 | pevnov@gmail.com | Institute for Linguistic Studies, RAS (9 Tuchkov pereulok, St. Petersburg, 199053, Russia)


ethnonym, etymology, ethnic history, Amur River, Sakhalin


The Amur River basin and Sakhalin are rich in historical and actual ethnonyms. The article deals with etymology of seven “linguistic ethnonyms” which were recorded in the 20th century by linguists or social anthropologists with linguistic experience. Etymological analysis of ethnonyms allows us to represent the ethnic map of the region diachronically. The main conclusions are as follows: Nivkhs and ManchuTungusic tribes were probably separated by an unknown Palaeoasiatic group; the Evenki influence on the ethnonymy of the region was substantial; the ethnonyms with the stem oro– ‛place’ (oroŋr, orokko, oročēn, oroči) were coined in Manchuria; in course of time, they spread eastwards and reached finally Sakhalin.


Pevnov, A.M. 2022. Etimologiia nekotorykh nazvanii narodov basseina Amura i Sakhalina [Etymology of Ethnonyms in the Amur River Basin and Sakhalin]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 2: 23–44. https://doi.org/10.31857/S0869541522020026 EDN: HQDMWB

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