Mama Francisca: Ethnic-Cultural Memory in the Cuban Cult of Spiritual Dolls
[Mama Fransiska: etnokul’turnaia pamiat’ v kubinskom kul’te spiriticheskikh kukol]
Type of publication: Research Article
Cuba, Congo, Afro-Cuban culture, Yoruba, spiritualism, dolls, santeria, nkisi, palo, lukumi
The article discusses the cult of spiritual dolls which is an integral part of Cuban spiritism. It describes ceremonies of making a Mama Francisca doll, explains its place in the spiritual pantheon, and its connection to religious and magical traditions of Palo and Ocha. Drawing on my own field research and an array of ethnographic data, I argue that spiritual dolls play an important part in preserving the ethnic-cultural memory in the context of ethnic and religious diversity in Cuba. I further examine connections between spiritual and magical practices of peoples from Central Africa and Afro-Сubans. The tradition of espiritismo cruzado itself may be seen as the bridge between different religious traditions existing in the island.
Manichkin, N.A. 2020. Mama Francisca: Ethnic-Cultural Memory in the Cuban Cult of Spiritual Dolls [Mama Fransiska: etnokul’turnaia pamiat’ v kubinskom kul’te spiriticheskikh kukol]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 1: 132–152. https://doi.org/10.31857/S086954150008764-0
Full text is distributed by eLIBRARY.ru