The Danger of Natural Resource Use: Fishery, King Crab and Nostalgia for the State in the Barents Region
[Opasnoe prirodopol’zovanie: rybnye resursy i nostal’giia po gosudarstvu v Barents-regione]
Type of publication: Research Article
informal economy, natural resources, fishery, anthropology of state, nostalgic narratives, tourism, discourse analysis, Barents region
The article analyses the practices of private informal extraction of natural resources in connection withthe discourse of governance and power relations circulating inside the coastal village community of the Barents region. The patchwork of local resource economy consists of fishery, king crab catching, reclaiming of the village lands (especially access to the river and seashore), and communicating with the tourists whose arrival is constantly changing the existing economic situation. The transformationof patterns of village management as well as dependence on natural resources in the early post-Sovietperiod shaped the perception of social life in the village as disordered and the area of natural resources exploitation as constantly dangerous. The main discursive effect of the contradiction between the perceived sense of “absence” of the state and situation of “hypergovernance” is the prevalence of nostalgic narratives that criticize the current governmental practices and idealize the total control of Soviettown-forming enterprises.
Funding InformationThis research was supported by the following institutions and grants: Khamovniki Foundation for the Support of Social Research [project no. 2016 009; 2017–2018] Russian Foundation for Basic Research, https://doi.org/10.13039/501100002261 [17–33–01057]
Gavrilova, K.A. 2019. The Danger of Natural Resource Use: Fishery, King Crab and Nostalgia for the State in the Barents Region [Opasnoe prirodopol’zovanie: rybnye resursy i nostal’giia po gosudarstvu v Barents-regione]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 4: 13–28. https://doi.org/10.31857/S086954150006189-7
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