[The Spouse Exchange Partnership among the Chukchi: A Case of Created Kinship]
Type of publication: Research Article
fictive kinship, theory of exchange, Chukchi, Chukchee, North-West Siberia, family, marriage, spouse exchange partnership, sexual relations, reindeer herding
The article discusses the custom of spouse exchange that had existed among the Chukchi (Chukchee). Drawing on various sources from the eighteenth through mid-twentieth century, the author attempts to reexamine the custom from the standpoint of present-day anthropology. She undertakes a critical assessment of the concept of group marriage that was the dominant explanation of the issue in Soviet Siberian studies, and suggests considering the issue in terms of fictive kinship instead. The author argues that the practice of spouse exchange led to the emergence of partnerships among men, which were important social relationships that could be compared to kinship and arguably were seen as such by the Chukchi themselves. The article is followed by comments byL.N. Khakhovskaya, S.A. Arutyunov, and E.P. Batyanova.
This research was supported by the following institutions and grants:
Russian Science Foundation, grant no 14-18-02785
Davydova, E.A. 2016. Tovarishchestvo po zhene u chukchei: primer sozdaniia rodstvennosti [The Spouse Exchange Partnership among the Chukchi: A Case of Created Kinship]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 4: 75-87
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