[Description or Prescription? Ethnic-Racial Categories in Population Censuses of Belize in the 19th –20th Centuries and Their Political Uses]
Type of publication: Research Article
belize, ethnic-racial categories, creoles, maya, garifuna, population census, mestizos
The article examines the census categories that were employed in order to represent the ethnic and racial diversity of Belize, as well as the social and historical context in which the censuses were held, and their political and social impact. How was the notion of “diversity” (national, religious, “racial”, ethnic, etc.) changing over time? How was the population diversity taken, or not taken, into account in designing social control mechanisms? What political, social, or ideological motivations underlay the decision-making? Who was responsible for designing the tools and categories of description for censuses? What goals did they pursue? How were those tools and goals changing within the altering political and institutional frameworks (colony, self-regulated territory, independent state)?
This transaltion was supported by the following institutions and grants:
Russian Science Foundation, grant 14-18-03090
Hoffmann, O., Cunin, E. 2015. Opisaniie ili predpisaniie? Etnorasovye kategorii v perepisiakh naseleniia Beliza v XIX–XX vv. i ikh politicheskoe ispol’zovaniie [Description or Prescription? Ethnic-Racial Categories in Population Censuses of Belize in the 19th –20th Centuries and Their Political Uses]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 1: 40-55
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