Home    Number 4, 2023

Heraka: Historical Memory and New Mythology of Naga Tribes

[Kheraka: istoricheskaia pamiat’ i novaia mifologiia u naga]

Type of publication: Research Article

Submitted: 10.04.2023

Accepted: 01.07.2023

About author(s)

Anna Bychkova | https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5003-8005 | aneta-taurus@rambler.ru | independent researcher (Moscow, Russia)


tribes, religious reformation movement, mythology, ethnos, ideology


In the late 1920s, on the territory where Naga tribes resided in the North East India, there emerged a mass religious reformation movement triggered by certain political and economic factors. Over the hundred years that have passed since, this movement has undergone changes. There appeared a new mythology and new religion called Heraka. Not only did heroes of past times remain in the social memory, but they continued to live their own lives and keep playing important roles in the political arena of the region and the country. I attempt to examine the images of real human characters in the context of evolution of the historical memory and gain the understanding of the place that Heraka occupies in the new official mythology. I argue that the development of Heraka is related to the split between the dividing lines of two nationalist ideologies: the ideology of forming an independent Christian state of Nagalim within the territory of residence of Naga tribes and the ideology of Hindutva.


Bychkova, A.A. 2023. Kheraka: istoricheskaia pamiat’ i novaia mifologiia u naga [Heraka: Historical Memory and New Mythology of Naga Tribes]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 4: 84–93. https://doi.org/10.31857/S086954152304005X EDN: HJCNLS

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