Home    Number 3, 2023

Whom Did the Karasuk People Resemble?

[Na kogo byli pokhozhi karasuktsy?]

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31857/S0869541523030089


Type of publication: Research Article

Submitted: 27.12.2022

Accepted: 27.02.2023

About author(s)

Aleхandеr Kozintsev | https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0165-8109 | alexanderkozintsev@yandex.ru | Peter the Great Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera), Russian Academy of Sciences (3 University Emb., St. Petersburg, 199034, Russia)


Late Bronze Age, Southern Siberia. Western Siberia, Southwestern Central Asia, Karasuk culture, Andronovo culture, Pamiris, Tajiks, Uzbeks, Kazaks


To test Yuri Rychkov’s claim that the physical type of the Karasuk people was identical to that of the highlanders of Western Pamir, 24 male Karasuk cranial samples were subjected to a multivariate comparison with 59 samples representing other cultures and periods. Karasuk people proved closest, not to those Pamiris whom Rychkov had included in his study (Goranis, Ishkashimis, Wakhanis, and Rushanis) but to those whom he had excluded because of Kirghiz admixture – the Shugnanis. The admixture appears to have been added, not so much to the indigenous southern component present in other Pamiris, as to that associated with Andronovo immigrants from the steppe. This explains the likely similarity of medieval Shugnanis (and, accordingly, the Karasuk people) to modern Uzbeks retaining tribal identities and northern Tajiks.


Kozintsev, A.G. 2023. Na kogo byli pokhozhi karasuktsy? [Whom Did the Karasuk People Resemble?]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 3: 150–164. https://doi.org/10.31857/S0869541523030089 EDN: CPHJCY

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