[Problemy rekonstruktsii kul’turnoi leksiki praiazyka makrosem’i (na primere afraziiskogo)]
Type of publication: Research Article
Afrasian languages, Proto-Afrasian language, cultural lexicon, historical semantics, distant language relationship
The paper offers a critical analysis of several Afrasian etymologies with presumably “military” semantics, put forward by Alexander Militarev. The conclusion is that these etymologies typically suffer from multiple problems, such as lack of proper attention to the historical typology of semantic shifts and insufficient consideration for the distribution of potential reflexes in daughter languages. Because of this, the reconstructability of a large Proto-Afrasian lexical layer of specifically “military” terms remains questionable – at least not until such a reconstruction has been diligently conducted on each of the chronological levels preceding Proto-Afrasian (particularly on the various intermediate levels of the Cushitic family, since only a secure reconstruction of any select etymon on the ProtoCushitic level can in turn properly guarantee its Proto-Afrasian status).
Starostin, G.S. 2021. The Difficulties of Reconstructing the Cultural Lexicon for a Macrofamily-Level ProtoLanguage (Based on the Afrasian Example) [Problemy rekonstruktsii kul’turnoi leksiki praiazyka
makrosem’i (na primere afraziiskogo)]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 4: 42–49. https://doi.org/10.31857/S023620070016697-3
Full text is distributed by eLIBRARY.ru