[Institutsional’naia istoriia rossiiskoi etnologii: kratkii obzor]
Type of publication: Research Article
history of ethnology, history of sociology, sociology of ethnology, sociology of knowledge, sociology of science
This article proposes a periodization scheme for Russian ethnology, taking changes in the institutional structure of the discipline (particularly in research institutions, university departments, and ethno graphic museums) as a starting point. Drawing on Richard Whitley’s idea of social institutionalization, I distinguish three stages in the history of Russian ethnology: the imperial stage, including the pre institutional period (1724–1844) and the period of early institutionalization (1845–1917); the Soviet stage, with periods of voluntary “Marxization” (1917/18–1929/32), elimination of methodological pluralism (1929/32–1953), the Tolstov period (1954–1966/67), and the Bromley period (1966/67 1991); and the post-Soviet stage subdivided into the period of crisis and hope (1992–2004) and the period of thematical and theoretical diversification (since 2005). In my subsequent research and publications, I will be testing this scheme empirically, using statistical data on ethnologists’ thematic preferences in different time periods.
Wiener, B.E. 2020. An Institutional History of Russian Ethnology: A Brief Overview [Institutsional’naia istoriia rossiiskoi etnologii: kratkii obzor. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 4: 150–166. https://doi.org/10.31857/S086954150010839-2
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