Informal Land Use in Northern Baikal: Extraction of Bioresources in “Free Spaces”
[Neformal’noe prirodopol’zovanie na Severnom Baikale: dobycha bioresursov v svobodnykh prostranstvakh]
Type of publication: Research Article
informal land use, extraction of bioresources, relations with the state, local ecological knowledge, omul fishery, seal hunting, Evenki, Northern Baikal
The article discusses spatial and temporal dimensions of the interaction between the local population and the state in Northern Baikal. The main analytical categories in this work are not the “presence” or “absence” of the state, but the uneven distribution and inconsistency in space and time of potential control actions of the state structures that give local people the opportunity to master resources inde pendently employing their skills and knowledge of the landscape. Despite the fact that there are official rules governing hunting and fishing, as well as the gathering of wild plants and logging, they are often violated, since the informal land use is an important source of income and food for local people. The exploitation and distribution of bioresources by the inhabitants of Siberian settlements remote from the centers are possible due to the presence of “free spaces” where people can act in accordance with their “own law” rather than official rules.
Funding InformationThis research was supported by the following institutions and grants: Khamovniki Foundation for the Support of Social Research [project no. 2016-009, 2017–2018] Russian Foundation for Basic Research, https://doi.org/10.13039/501100002261 [17-33-01057]
Davydov, V.N. 2019. Informal Land Use in Northern Baikal: Extraction of Bioresources in “Free Spaces” [Neformal’noe prirodopol’zovanie na Severnom Baikale: dobycha bioresursov v svobodnykh prostranstvakh]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 4: 76–88. https://doi.org/10.31857/S086954150006193-2
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