Home    Number 5, 2018

How Street Youth Groups Emerge (The Case of a Small Town)

[Kak voznikaiut molodiozhnye ulichnye gruppirovki (sluchai malogo goroda)]

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31857/S086954150001483-1

Type of publication: Research Article

Submitted: 10.07.2015

Accepted: 26.02.2018

About author(s)

Dmitrii Gromov | http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0443-8718 | gromovdv@mail.ru | Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences (32-a Leninsky prospekt, Moscow, 119991, Russia)


street youth groups, small town, asocial activity, resource mobilization theory


The article discusses the factors that have influenced the activities of street youth groups in a small town of Russia during the 1950s‑2000s. These are: 1) the growth of youth population in the town; 2) the appearance of visitors (especially young women) settling in compact clusters; 3) the activity of asocial leaders; and 4) the emergence of opportunities for getting illegal income. The significant role that these factors have played is substantiated by the comparative data obtained from studies of other towns. Contrary to the expectations, respondents rather infrequently mention among the factors of importance the acute social issues of the last decades such as the impoverishment of the population, lack of job or growth opportunities, alcoholism, or drug addiction; which may be explained by the compensatory mechanism conducive to the drain of active youth from small towns to the more affluent regions of the country.

Funding Information

This research was supported by the following institutions and grants:
Russian Foundation for Basic Research, https://doi.org/10.13039/501100002261 [17-01-00362]


Gromov, D.V. 2018. Kak voznikaiut molodiozhnye ulichnye gruppirovki (sluchai malogo goroda) [How Street Youth Groups Emerge (The Case of a Small Town)]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 5: 179-195. https://doi.org/10.31857/S086954150001483-1

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