[Migratsii tsyganskikh grupp i formirovanie tsyganskogo naseleniia Rossiiskoi imperii v XVII – nachale XX vv.]
Type of publication: Research Article
Gypsies (Roma), Russian Empire, migrations, formation of the Gypsy (Romani) population, service nomadism, Romani ethnic groups
The article draws on the author’s extensive research to examine the causes and timeframe of appearance in the Russian empire of the largest ethnic groups of Gypsies (Roma) which made up the base for the Gypsies (Roma) population of Russia during the period from the 17th through the early 20th centuries: Servy, Russka Roma, Vlachy, Kishiniovtsy, Krymska Roma, Kelderara, Lovara. I briefly analyze the history of formation of the Roma population of Russia in the context of major developments in the state policy towards the Gypsies, and outline the principal stages of this process. I employ an array of sources ranging from historical, ethnographic, and linguistic findings, archival materials and literature, to census data, legislative acts of the Russian empire, and field research.
Smirnova-Seslavinskaya, M.V. 2018. Migratsii tsyganskikh grupp i formirovanie tsyganskogo naseleniia Rossiiskoi imperii v XVII – nachale XX vv. [Romani Groups Migrations and Formation of the Gypsy (Roma) Population in Russian Empire in the 17th – Early 20th Centuries]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 4: 83-99. https://doi.org/10.31857/S086954150000408-8
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